Injecting Goats

18 September, 2015rodster385Comments (0)

This is a listing of different medications that are useful in treating problems with your goats. We are not experts or vets and you should only use this as general information and not expert advise. The majority of this information was taken from articles in goat magazines, specifically Goat Rancher. We are not recommending any specific brand names nor specific dosages but believe we should include what was stated in the articles.

General Information on Injections
Intramuscular (IM)
Injected deep within a maor muscle mass, such as that in the hind leg or on the shoulder. It should be given with an 18 gauge, 2.5 to 4 cm needle, pointed straight into the muscle. Before injecting the drug, always withdraw on the syringe plunger to make sure you haven't hit a blood vessel. If this happens, blood will flow into the syringe. To correct, simply replace the needle in the muscle.
Subcutaneous (SQ)
Injected under the skin, usually in the neck or behind the shoulder. Usually a 1 to 2.5 cm needle is inserted at an angle through the skin. So that you do not stick yourself, pick up the skin with your fingers and insert the needle through the skin while it is pointed away from your fingers.
Intravenous (IV)
Injected into a vein, usually the jugular or neck vein. This procedure takes some skill and practice. Become thoroughly familiar with the method before attempting to use it. Thevein must be blocked with one hand near the shoulder to enlarge it and make it visible. Usually a 4 cm. 18 gauge needle is used for IV injections. All IV injections should be given slowly. The heart should be closely monitored as heart block may occur. This may be done by use of a stethoscope, placing your ear against the chest, or by merely feeling the heart beat with your hand.
Intramammary
Injected within the milk gland, the end of the teat through the natural opening. Always wash the teat end with soap and water and wipe it with alcohol before injection. Use only sterile, blunt, teat infusion needles or "throw-away" mastitis medicine applicators. Unclean material entering the teat will case mastitis. Our vet has indicated this type of treatment for goats is of little value.
Important Conversions

1 ml = 15 drops = 1 cc
1 Tsp = 1 gram = 5 cc's
1 Tbsp = 1/2 oz. = 15 cc's
2 Tbsp = 1 oz. = 30 cc's
1 pint = 16 oz. = 480 cc's