Showing Goats

18 September, 2015rodster385Comments (0)

1 Why Show?
Dairy goat shows can be interesting and educational, and goat owners
enjoy the opportunity to compete with their animals. Although showing
involves a great deal of time, energy, and extra stress on the animals,
there are many positive aspects to attending shows as an exhibitor or a
spectator.

2 Dairy goat shows can be a good learning experience. Many people show
to get an opinion of their animals from a judge who is objective and
experienced in appraising conformation. Listening to the judges'
reasons for making placings helps in learning about your animals.
Acting as a ringside ''judge'' and comparing your placings and reasons
with those of the show judge helps develop your eye for desirable type.

3 People enjoy being competitive with their animals. Competition
against other breeders helps you learn how to select animals and
present them at their best. If the animals do well at the show, owners
gain confidence in their animal husbandry skills and an increased
awareness of the relative worth of their animals.

4 Showing is a favorite activity of 4-H members with dairy goat
projects because it is a good way to determine progress they are making
as animal breeders. Showing also helps develop sportsmanship,
management skills, the ability to display an animal to its best
advantage, and an appreciation of good livestock.

5 Goat shows are fun socially and provide a good opportunity to meet
other breeders and visit with friends. Exhibiting your goats at shows
is good advertisement for your herd and can lead directly to sales,
either at the show or in the future.

6 Dairy goat shows are also an effective way to promote dairy goats
and the use of goat products because the show animals are groomed and
look their best, and breeders are available to answer questions for
show visitors with a developing interest in goats.

7 Getting Ready
There are many things that need to be done once you decide to enter
a goat show. The better prepared that you are, the more you will enjoy
the show.

8 The first thing is to decide which of your animals to show. Be
selective about the animals. Look for animals in your herd that are
correct in conformation and in good condition, neither too fat nor too
thin. Strong, healthy animals will be more competitive, better able to
withstand the stress of travel and the show, and not be a source of
health problems for other goats attending the show.

9 Read the show rules, fill out the entry form completely, and send it
to the specified person on time. If you have questions about the show,
contact the show secretary. It is a good idea to keep a copy of your
show entry so that you have a record of the animals entered and their
classes. Check the health rules for the show and work with your
veterinarian to make sure that you meet the rules.

10 Take some time before to review the parts of the goat and become
familiar with the dairy goat scorecard. The judge's placings and
reasons at the show will be more meaningful if you are aware of the
point differences defined by the scorecard.

11 Fitting
Goat shows are far more relaxed if your animals are groomed and
ready to go when you get to the show. Otherwise, you may end up rushing
at the show stables trying to get your animals clipped and their feet
trimmed with probably hasty results. There is always some last minute
bathing and grooming but it helps if the time-consuming portions of
the job had been done at home.

12 Hooves should be trimmed a few days before the show. Goats can be
clipped from a few days up to 2 to 3 weeks before a show. A number 10
blade is commonly used for clipping the body, while a shorter blade
(number 20 or even number 40) can be used on the udder. The entire body
can be clipped, with the clippers running against the hair, including
whiskers, beard, and hair inside the ears and around the tops of the
hooves. The hair on the tail is squared off below the last bone in the
tail, leaving a triangular tuft of hair at the end of the tail. It is
easier, and usually safer, to clip the udder when it is full of milk.

13 Bathing goats with a mild shampoo before clipping them helps keep
clipper blades sharp. Goats should be rebathed and rinsed well after
clipping to remove loose hair and dandruff. Newly clipped goats,
especially those with light skin, are apt to sunburn and should be
provided with shade or a lightweight coat until the hair grows out a
little and the skin becomes less sensitive. Newly clipped goats are
also sensitive to draft and chills and need to be covered while not in
the show ring.

14 Practicing with your goats at home can result in better behaving
animals in the ring and increased confidence on your part. Animals
should be accustomed to being handled by strangers, especially having
someone else's hand move over their neck, withers, back and sides, and
udder so that they will stand still when being examined by the judge.

15 Chain collars are usually preferred for showing, although narrow
leather collars are also used. Collars should fit correctly, so that
you can control your animal's movements in the ring. It is ideal to
work with your animals ahead of time until they lead readily and
respond quickly to signals. They should move forward with a slight pull
on the collar and stop when you pull slightly up and back. Getting
your animals used to wearing a collar and teaching them to lead and be
tolerant of strangers is important with young stock, because they can
often be stubborn about learning show manners.

16 Horned goats cannot be shown, and goats with large ++++MISSING
DATA++++

17 Feed and Bedding
Some shows will have a supply of hay and straw for sale. Check ahead
of time to see whether such will be available before you decide to
bring your own. Some exhibitors prefer their own hay, so their animals
will not have a change in diet. You need:

-hay
-straw
-grain
-hay feeders
-grain feeders
-water buckets
-bottles and nipples (if you are taking kids)
-salt or trace minerals

18 Equipment -- After you have attended a few shows, you will know
what equipment is useful, including:

-clippers (for last touchups)
-hoof trimmers
-extra collars
-tie ropes
-livestock shampoo
-short hose (for bathing)
-wash bucket
-towels (to dry animals)
-clean cloths (for last cleanups)
-brushes
-portable milking stand
-paper towels
-udder wash
-teat dip
-milk pail
-goat coats (for the young, and chilly times)
-first aid items, antibiotics,
-disinfectants, bandages, flyspray)
-herd signs (above your pens)
-pitchfork
-rake
-broom
-pliers
-hammer and nails
-scissors
-staple gun
-extension cord

19 Personal items -- Many exhibitors prefer to spend the night in the
barn with their animals. Personal items that may be needed include:

-cot
-sleeping bag
-pillow
-folding chair
-clean clothes
-show whites
-toilet articles
-flashlight
-snacks and food
-equipment for cooking

20 What to do at the Show
Goats should be unloaded and settled into pens with bedding, feed,
and water as soon as they arrive at the show, especially if they have
been travelling very far or the weather is unpleasant. Once your
animals are bedded down, you can take your registration and health
papers and check in with the show secretary; unless the show rules
require health checks before unloading. There are usually copies of the
show program available that contain the schedule of classes and special
instructions. Your goats have to be checked prior to the start of the
show by the show veterinarian. He has the authority of dismissing
animals from the show if they are sick or appear to be potential health
problems for other exhibitor's animals.

21 Extra space should be available adjacent to your animals for your
equipment and feed. Exhibitors are responsible for care of their
animals throughout the show, including clean bedding, feed, and fresh
water, as needed. It usually takes goats a while to settle down into
the show routine, especially if they have not been shown before.
Walking your goats around the ring before the show starts helps them
feel more relaxed when it is time for their class.

22 Your goats may need to be bathed at the show prior to their
classes, even if they were bathed earlier at home. Bathing should be
done during the warm part of the day, followed by a thorough drying, to
prevent added stress from chilling. If the weather is cold or
unpleasant, goats can be brushed and spot cleaned with a damp rag,
instead of bathing. Most goats will benefit from a final touchup
cleaning with a damp cloth just prior to being shown. This is a good
time to double check areas that are hard to keep clean, such as hooves,
inside the ears, around the eyes and nose, and under the tail.

23 Showing
In some shows there is a preset milk-out time, usually 12 hours
before the show starts, so that all does are shown at the same length
of time after milking. If not, show your animals with the amount of
milk in the udder that looks the best. Letting the udder overfill can
weaken udder attachments, stress milk-producing tissue, make it
difficult for the judge to determine udder texture, and usually lowers
your show placing.

24 Exhibitors should wear appropriate white clothes to show their
animals, such as clean jeans or slacks and a white shirt or blouse.
Goats should be brought to the ringside a few minutes before start of
their class, so that you are ready to enter the ring as soon as the
class is called. You will need to know the birth date of each of your
animals in the ring, the freshening date and number of lactations for
milkers.

25 Watching the class ahead of yours will give you an idea of the
judge's procedure and preferred method of lining up animals. When it is
your turn to enter the ring, lead slowly and gracefully in a clockwise
direction. Leave about 3 feet between your goat and that of other
exhibitors when walking around the ring; and about 2 feet between
animals when lined up head to tail or side by side. Stay attentive to
the judge but, at the same time, be aware of your goat and what she is
doing.

26 Keep your goat between you and the judge at all times. If you need
to change sides, move around the goat's head and change hands on the
collar. Keep the collar high on the goat's neck, holding it in your
hand at the top of the neck, just behind the ears. This gives you
better control over the animal's movements and keeps her head up high
enough so that she has an attractive carriage.

27 After the goats have walked around the ring a few times, the judge
will ask the exhibitors to form a line with their animals, usually side
by side. When you set your goat up in line, pose her with her feet
squarely under her body and her hind feet slightly spread. It is
usually easiest to set up the hind feet first. You can move the back
feet where you want them by pressing back on the opposite shoulder or
by picking up the leg between the hock and pastern and setting it down
in the desired position.

28 Once you have your goat well placed, let her be. Keep your hands
off your animal as much as possible when she is set up, so that you will
not draw the judge's attention away from your animal to you. Talking
quietly to your goat or lightly rubbing her belly or side nearest you
keeps her alert and contented. Some exhibitors prefer to squat beside
their goat while they are waiting in line. However, do not kneel with
your knees on the ground, and be sure to stand up when the judge
approaches your animal.

29 Be ready to restrain your goat if necessary while the judge
examines her. This can be done in two ways: (1) put your knee in front
of her shoulder so she can't move forward; and (2) grasp a front leg
between the knee and the pastern and flex the leg back against the
chest.

30 If the judge asks you to change places in the ring, lead your goat
forward out of the line, up or down the line to the place indicated,
and back through the line, making a U-turn to get back into position.
Do not back your goat into a different position unless the distance is
short.

31 Watch the judge closely, and respond quickly when the judge
indicates the placings in the final line up. Be aware of show
procedures; first and second place winners in each class are usually
expected to remain at ringside to compete for champion. In
ADGA-sanctioned shows, the judge will check tattoos and the show
secretary will check registration papers for all breed champions before
they leave the ring.

32 Conformation of the animal is not considered in showmanship
classes; only how well the animal is prepared and shown. The secret of
good showmanship is to control your animal in such a manner that the
judge sees her at her best but never notices you. Showmanship classes
help teach poise, courtesy, and the ability to stay calm, even under
pressure. They give exhibitors an opportunity to show how well they
can prepare and exhibit goats. They also encourage good husbandry;
animals that can be successfully groomed to look as good as possible for
a show are those that are well fed and cared for, in good health, and
generally of good type.

33 In showmanship classes, the judge looks for exhibitors that
recognize the conformation weaknesses of their animals and show them
effectively to overcome those weaknesses. Exhibitors are usually asked
by the judge to trade animals so that the judge can see how well they
handle strange animals.

34 Guidelines
Although every show is different, the following will make shows
more enjoyable and worthwhile:

-Cooperate with the show officials to the best of your ability.

-Learn the rules of the show and follow them.

-Keep your pens and animals neat and clean at all times.

-Be prepared and willing to answer questions from show visitors
about your goats and goats in general.

-Handle your goats with dignity, pride, and gentleness, both inside
and outside of the show ring.

-Stay calm with troublesome animals; abusiveness is uncalled for.

-Be courteous to the other exhibitors and the judge.

-Restrict conversation in the ring except to respond to the judge or
show officials.

-Respond quickly to requests from the judge, ring steward, and other
show officials.

-Be gracious about accepting the judge's opinion.

-Show your animals the whole time you are in the ring, until the
judge has given his reasons and the class has been dismissed.

-If you have questions about the judging, wait until after the show
is over to talk to the judge.

-Smile and enjoy yourself -- it's part of showmanship.

-Remember that placings at a show are one judge's opinion of how a
certain group of animals compare with each other on a certain day.
Placings of the same animals can be quite different under a
different judge or at a different time, especially with nonmilking
stock.

35 TABLE 1. ADGA Dairy Goat Showmanship Score Card

Based on Usual Order of Consideration

1. APPEARANCE OF ANIMAL 40

Condition and Thriftiness - showing normal growth - neither too fat nor
too thin. 10

Hair clean and properly groomed. Hoofs trimmed and shaped to enable
animal to walk and stand naturally. 10

Neatly disbudded if the animal is not naturally hornless. Clipping -
entire body if weather has permitted, showing allowance to get a
neat coat of hair by show time; neatly trimmed tail and ears. 10

Cleanliness - as shown by a clean body as free from stains as possible,
with special attention to legs, feet, tail area, nose, and ears. 10

2. APPEARANCE OF EXHIBITOR

Clothes and person neat and clean - white costume preferred. 10

3. SHOWING ANIMAL IN THE RING

Leading - enter, leading the animal at a normal walk around the ring in
a clockwise direction, walking on the left side, holding the collar
with the right hand. Exhibitor should walk as normally and
inconspicuously as possible. Goat should lead readily and respond
quickly. Lead equipment should consist of a collar or small link
chain, properly fitted. As the judge studies the animal, the
preferred method of leading is to walk alongside on the side away
from the judge. Lead slowly with animal's head held high enough for
impressive style, attractive carriage, and graceful walk. 10

Pose and show an animal so it is between the exhibitor and the judge as
much as possible. Avoid exaggerated positions, such as crossing
behind the goat. Stand or kneel where both judge and animal may be
observed. Pose animal with front feet squarely beneath and hind feet
slightly spread. Where possible, face animal upgrade with her front
feet on a slight incline. Neither crowd other exhibitors nor leave
too much space when leading into a side-by-side position. When judge
changes placing, lead animal forward out of line, down or up to the
place directed then back through the line, finally making a U-turn
to get into position. To step animal ahead - use slight pull on
collar. If the animal steps badly out of place, return her to position
by leading her forward and making a circle back thru your position
in the line. When judge is observing the animal, if she moves out of
position, replace her as quickly and inconspicuously as possible. Be
natural. Overshowing, undue fussing, and maneuvering are objectionable.
15

Show animal to best advantage, recognizing the conformation faults of
the animal you are leading and striving to help overcome them. 15

Poise, alertness, and courteous attitude are all desired in the show
ring. Showmen should keep an eye on their animals and be aware of
the position of the judge at all times - but should not stare at the
judge. Persons or things outside the ring should not distract the
attention of the showmen. Respond rapidly to requests from judges or
officials, and be courteous and sportsman like at all times,
respecting the rights of other exhibitors. The best showmen will
show the animals at all times - not themselves - and will continue
exhibiting well until the entire class has been placed, the judge
has given his reasons, and he has dismissed the class. 15

TOTAL 100

Suggested Uniform: Long-sleeved white shirt, regulation white pants, 4-H
or FFA necktie, 4-H or FFA cap (if applicable), with matching shoes
and belt in either black, white, or brown.

36 TABLE 2. ADGA Dairy Goat Score Card for DOES

(Ideals of type and breed characteristics must be considered in using
this card.)

Based on Order of Observation

1. GENERAL APPEARANCE 30

Attractive individuality revealing vigor; femininity with a harmonious
blending and correlation of parts; impressive style and attractive
carriage; graceful walk.

*Breed Characteristics 5
Color, size, nose structure and ears appropriate for breed.

*Head 5
Medium in length, clean-cut; broad muzzle with large, open nostrils;
lean, strong jaw; full, bright eyes; forehead broad between the
eyes

*Shoulder Blades and Topline 8
Shoulder blades - set smoothly against the chest wall and withers,
forming neat junction with the body.
Back - strong and appearing straight with vertebrae well defined.
Loin - broad, strong, and nearly level.
Rump - long, wide and nearly level.
Hips - wide, level with back.
Thurls - wide apart.
Pin bones - wide apart, lower than hips, well defined.
Tail head - slightly above and neatly set between pin bones.

*Legs and Feet 12
Legs - wide apart, squarely set, clean-cut and strong with forelegs
straight.
Hind legs - nearly perpendicular from hock to pastern. When viewed
from behind, legs wide apart and nearly straight. Bone flat and
flinty; tendons well defined. Pasterns of medium length, strong and
springy. Hocks are cleanly moulded.
Feet - short and straight, with deep heel and level sole.

2. DAIRY CHARACTER 20

Animation, angularity, general openness, and freedom from excess tissue,
giving due regard to period of lactation.
Neck - long and lean, blending smoothly into shoulders and brisket,
clean-cut throat.
Withers - well defined and wedge-shaped with the dorsal process of the
vertebrae rising slightly above the shoulder blades.
Ribs - wide apart; rib bone wide, flat, and long.
Flank - deep, arched, and refined.
Thighs - incurving to flat from the side; apart when viewed from the
rear, providing sufficient room for the udder and its attachments.
Skin - fine textured, loose, and pliable. Hair fine.

3. BODY CAPACITY 20

Relatively large in proportion to size of the animal, providing ample
digestive capacity, strength, and vigor.

Barrel - deep, strongly supported; ribs wide apart and well sprung; depth
and width tending to increase toward rear of barrel. 12

Heart girth - large, resulting from long, well-sprung foreribs; wide
chest floor between the front legs, and fullness at the point of
elbow. 8

4. MAMMARY SYSTEM 30

A capacious, strongly attached, well-carried udder of good quality,
indicating heavy production and a long period of usefulness.

Udder; Capacity and Shape - long, wide, and capacious; extended well
forward; strongly attached. 10

Rear attachment - high and wide. Halves evenly balanced and
symmetrical. 5

Fore attachment - carried well forward, tightly attached without pocket,
blending smoothly into body. 6

Texture - soft, pliable, and elastic; free of scar tissue; well
collapsed after milking. 5

Teats - uniform, of convenient length and size, cylindrical in shape,
free from obstructions, well apart, squarely and properly placed, easy
to milk. 4

TOTAL 100
*Note: 5 points for Breed Characteristics and Head as taught at Training
Conference.

37 TABLE 3. ADGA Dairy Goat Score Card for BUCKS

1. GENERAL APPEARANCE 45

Attractive individuality revealing vigor, masculinity with a
harmonious blending and correlation of parts; impressive style and
majestic carriage; graceful and powerful walk.

Breed Characteristics 10
Color, size, nose structure and ears appropriate for breed.

Head 5
Medium in length, clean-cut; broad muzzle with large, open nostrils;
lean, strong jaw; full, bright eyes; forehead broad between the eyes.

Shoulder Blades and Topline 12
Shoulder blades - set smoothly against the chest wall and withers,
forming neat junction with the body.
Back - strong and appearing straight with vertebrae well defined.
Loin - broad, strong and nearly level.
Rump - long, wide nearly level.
Hips - Wide, level with back.
Thurls - wide apart.
Pin bones - wide apart, lower than hips, well defined.
Tail head - slightly above and neatly set between pin bones.
Tail - symmetrical with body.

Legs 18
Wide apart, squarely set, clean-cut and strong with forelegs straight.
Hind legs - nearly perpendicular from hock to pastern. When viewed
from behind legs wide apart and nearly straight. Bone strong, flat
and flinty; tendons well defined. Pasterns of medium length, strong
and springy. Hocks cleanly moulded.
Feet - short and straight, with deep heel and level sole.

2. DAIRY CHARACTER 30

Animation, angularity, general openness, and freedom from excess
tissue.
Neck - medium length, strong and blending smoothly into shoulders and
brisket.
Withers - well defined and wedge shaped with the dorsal process of the
vertebrae rising slightly above the shoulder blades.
Ribs - wide apart, rib bone wide, flat and long.
Flank - deep, arched and refined.
Thighs - incurving to flat from the side; apart when viewed from rear.
Skin - fine textured, loose and pliable. Hair fine.

3. BODY CAPACITY 25

Relatively large in proportion to size of the animal, providing ample
digestive capacity, strength and vigor.

Barrel 10
Deep, strongly supported; ribs wide apart and well sprung; depth and
width tending to increase toward rear of barrel.

Heart girth 12
Large, resulting from long, well-sprung foreribs; wide chest floor
between the front legs, and fullness at the point of elbow.

TOTAL 100

38 TABLE 4. Evaluation of Defects

GENERAL BREED SPECIFICS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Slight 1. Broken or wry tail
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Slight to 1. Undershot or overshot
serious jaw
depending 2. Close in the hocks
on degree 3. Front, rear or side udder
attachment lacking
4. Separation between halves
of udder
5. Presence of scar tissue
6. Udder of beefy texture
7. Udder with pocket
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Moderate 1. Large scurs or stubs NUBIAN
2. Enlarged knees; non- Mature does less than -
disabling lameness Min. height (30 in)
3. Swollen hocks Min. weight (135 lbs)
4. Turned-out or crooked Straight face
feet
5. Teats that are: SAANEN
a. Set close together Mature does less than -
b. Bulbous Min. height (30 in)
c. Extremely large or Min. weight (135 lbs)
small
d. Pointed sideways TOGGENBURG
e. Uneven in size Mature does less than -
f. Having small streams Min. height (26 in)
or otherwise hard to Min. weight (120 lbs)
milk Few small white spots in
g. Not clearly separated hair of does
from the udder
AMERICAN LAMANCHA
Mature does less than -
Min. height (28 in)
Min. weight (130 lbs)

FRENCH ALPINE
Mature does less than -
Min. height (30 in)
Min. weight (135 lbs)
Does with Toggenburg
color and marking
Does - all white color

39 Table 4. Evaluation of Defects (contd.)

GENERAL BREED SPECIFICS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Moderate 1. Loose, winged or heavy AMERICAN LAMANCHA
to serious shoulders Roman nose
Depending 2. Narrow chest or pinched
on degree heart girth FRENCH ALPINE
3. Short, shallow or Roman nose
narrow body
4. Low-backed or steep- SAANEN
rumped Roman nose
5. Small-boned for body size
6. Bowed-over front knees TOGGENBURG
or, buck-knees Roman nose
7. Hind legs close together
8. Sprung pasterns
9. Postiness
10.Swollen stifle joints
(All of these more
serious in bucks)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Serious 1. Natural horns (neatly FRENCH ALPINE
disbudded or dehorned - Bucks with Toggenburg
no discrimination) color and markings
2. Udder Bucks - all white color
a. Pendulous
b. Too distended to SAANEN
determine texture 1. Dark cream color
c. Hard or swollen 2. Several small dark
(except in does just spots in hair
fresh)
d. So uneven that one TOGGENBURG
half is less than 1. Black color in does
half the size of the 2. White stomach (except
other British Toggenburgs)
3. Leaking orifice on does
4. Misplaced orifice 3. Large white spot
(1-1/2" or more in
any direction) on
does
4. Few small white spots
in hair of bucks

40 Table 4. Evaluation of Defects (contd.)

GENERAL BREED SPECIFICS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Very serious 1. Udder lacking in size NUBIAN
and capacity in relation 1. Dished face
to size of doe 2. Barely drooping ears
2. Double orifice in teat
of doe
3. Extra teat or teat(s)
that have been cut off
on does
4. Crooked face on does
5. Very crooked or mal-
formed feet
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Disqualif- 1. Total blindness AMERICAN LAMANCHA
ications 2. Serious emaciation 1. Anything other than
3. Permanent lameness or gopher ears on bucks
difficulty in walking 2. Ears other than true
4. Blind or nonfunctioning LaMancha type on does
half or udder
5. Blind teat FRENCH ALPINE
6. Double teat(s) 1. Pendulous ears
7. Extra teat(s) that
interfere with milking NUBIAN
8. Active mastitis or any 1. Upright ears
other cause of abnormal
milk SAANEN
9. Evidence of hermaphrod- 1. Large (1 1/2"
itism or other inability diameter or more)
to reproduce dark spot in hair
10. Permanent physical de- 2. Pendulous ears
fect, such as navel hernia
11. Crooked face on bucks TOGGENBURG
12. Extra teat or teat(s) 1. Tricolor or piebald
that have been cut off 2. Black bucks
on bucks 3. White stomach
13. Double orifice in (except British
teats of bucks Toggenburgs) on bucks
14. Buck with one testicle 4. Large white spot
or with abnormal testicles (1 1/2" in any
direction) on bucks
5. Pendulous ears